Purpose of Peace Journalism

The purpose of journalism is pretty much simple. Journalism keeps us informed of any changing events, issues and characters out in the world (American Press Institute 2016). Rather than being defined by technology, or views and techniques journalists employ, journalism stands for something more true and provides us with information in the form of news. By engaging with news, the public, people like us, create this sense of belonging to the world. We are made aware of past incidents and future predictions where we are able to decide on the best possible decision which affects our lives, communities, societies and governance.

On a similar note, peace journalism creates one of the biggest impacts to people like us. The whole term could be defined by Lynch and McGoldrick (2005) as a set of choices of what and how to report which creates an opportunity for readers to consider and value nonviolent responses to the conflicts happening worldwide (Lynch, Hussein 2015). According to Galtung (1998), war journalism which is often embedded into peace journalism could be categorized into four components, such as 1) towards war and violence, 2) towards propaganda, 3) towards elites as peacemakers and 4) towards victory (Lynch, Hussein 2015). In a few words, we could say peace journalism uses conflict analysis and transformation in order to update the public with the concept of right judgement, balance and accuracy in reporting (McGoldrick, Lynch 2000).

In another article, authors have also distinguished peace journalism into five key aspects. The first would be to explore backgrounds and contexts of conflict formation which are transparent for audiences. Next, it would venture into giving voices to all parties, not just the leaders of two antagonistic groups (Lynch, Hussein 2015). Where else, the third reveals creative ideas to resolve the conflict and development for peace making. The fourth however speaks on exposing lies, cover-ups and culprits on all sides. The last factor includes to pay attention to other peace stories and postwar developments from other authors (Lynch, Hussein 2015). By following these key aspects, peace journalists are believed to report accordingly, without being bias and true to their story. Audiences are able to detect the sequence of the incident depending on story’s transparency, hence allowing them to relate and give feedbacks on the incident.

References

American Press Institute 2016, ‘What is the purpose of journalism?’, accessed 11/11/2016,

<https://www.americanpressinstitute.org/journalism-essentials/what-is-journalism/purpose-journalism/&gt;

Lynch, J Hussein, S 2015, ‘Media and conflicts in Pakistan: Towards a theory and practice of peace journalism‘, accessed 11/11/2016,

<https://sydney.edu.au/arts/peace_conflict/publications/Peace%20Journalism,%20media%20and%20conflicts%20in%20Pakistan.pdf&gt;

McGoldrick, A Lynch, J 2000, ‘Peace Journalism‘, accessed 11/11/2016,

<https://www.transcend.org/tri/downloads/McGoldrick_Lynch_Peace-Journalism.pdf&gt;

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